Electricity is part of our lives. We use it from the moment we wake up and throughout the day. As a result, we sometimes forget how powerful and dangerous it can be.
Modern living means we are using more and more electrical appliances in the home. Just twenty years ago, the average VN home would have had a hi-fi system and one TV or video. Today, it is more likely that there are at least two TVs, a DVD player, games console, microwave, computer and more. So, the risk of electrical accidents in the home is much higher than before. There are some advices for using electricity safely at home.
1. Installation of switchgear and protection equipment
- Switchgear and protection equipment must be installed on phase wires; customers are encouraged to install both protection equipment and switchgear on phase and neutral wires.
- Selection of switchgear, protection equipment:
+ Switchgear, protection equipment must suitable to the consumed capacity.
+ They must have a cover for live parts.
- Customer must install equipment in the main power wires and in branches on floors of building.
- Customers are encouraged to install electric leakage protection equipment, especially in wetlands.
2. Installation of circuit breakers, fuses, switches, socket in residential buildings:
They must be placed in high places and convenient for use. For households with children or in wet zones, they must be installed higher than foundation or floor at least 1.40 meters.
3. Installation of indoor electrical equipment:
- Metal cover of indoor electric equipment must be grounded such as refrigerator, washing machine, electric stove etc.
- Do not install electric equipment in wet areas. In case equipment need to be arranged in the areas, electric leakage protection device must be installed.
4. Check out:
- Wires; switchgear, protection equipment (circuit breakers, fuses, switches, socket) and indoor electric equipment must be frequently checked.
- When electric equipment is not in use, it should be shut down (cut off circuit breaker or unplug).
- When electric wire is broken or its insulation is peeled; electric devices, appliances is damaged, they must be replaced or completely repaired to keep using.
5. When there is lightning, rain, storms, flood:
- Shut down (unplug) devices: TV, computer, etc. and separate antenna cable from the TV to avoid surge.
- When house is flooded, its roofs are blown, its walls are collapsed by rain, storm, switchgear should be shut down.
6. When indoor repairs or electrical installations need to be implemented:
Electric switchgear must be shut down (circuit breakers, fuses, switches) and a sign must be hung at electric switchgear with following contents:
"NO ENERGIZING PEOPLE CURRENTLY WORKING"
7. Use of portable electric devices (drills, grinders, etc.):
Insulating gloves must be worn to avoid electric shock.
8. When hands are wet or background, floor is wet:
- Do not touch any electric appliances.
- Do not switch any circuit breaker, switches or plug (unplug).
- For wet floor, the manipulator must stand on an insulator (e.g. wooden or dry plastic chair, etc.).
9. When power source is not shut down:
Do not touch:
+ The openings of the wire (where the insulation cover is cracked, peeled or insulation tape is damaged).
+ MCB, fuse without cover.
Use electrical wires, electric equipment and indoor electric equipment which have poor quality because of easy electric shock, electric leakage or fire accidents, explosions.
Putting clothes on; hanging, hooking materials and goods etc. on electric wires.
- Directly plugging electric wire end (no plugs) into socket.
- Plugs and sockets must be solid.
- When unplugging, do not pull wire, only plastic part of the plug must be pulled.
For electric heating device (TV, electric iron, electric stove etc.), do not put them near flammable things.
14. Do not use electricity for:
- Mouse Trap.
- Detect (caught) fish.